The $10 Liberty Gold Coin is also called the Coronet, named after the simple crown worn by Lady Liberty in the coin’s design. It was the first $10 gold coin minted after its predecessor had appeared 34 years before. Christian Gobrecht, Chief Engraver of the U.S. Mint from 1840 to 1844, created the Coronet design appearing on this coin, as well as the $2.50 and $5 Liberty gold coins.
The $10 Liberty Gold Coin was first minted in 1838 and shows Lady Liberty on the obverse, her hair in a bun with loose curls falling over the back of her neck. The coronet she is wearing displays the word “LIBERTY”. The date the coin was issued sits below her profile while 13 stars representing the original 13 colonies encircle her profile.
The reverse of the coin shows the profile of a defiant bald eagle looking to its right, the words “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” and the coin’s denomination encircling the eagle. Clutching arrows and an olive branch, the eagle has a shield over its chest. “IN GOD WE TRUST” is surrounded by stars above the bird’s head. “IN GOD WE TRUST” is missing from $10 Liberty Gold coins minted from 1838 to 1866. In 1866, the motto was added.